Zambia officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. The neighbouring countries are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of the country. .
The population is approximately 12 million people concentrated mainly around the capital Lusaka in the south and the Copper belt to the northwest. Zambia is a country that many describe as “the true Africa” and is also recognized as one among the safest countries in the whole world. It has the Victoria Falls, the vivacious River Zambezi and a variety of birds, game and an immaculate fauna. The people of Zambia are very hospitable and calm. The wildlife is spectacular and the country offers some of the finest safaris ever available on this planet.
Zambia prides itself in seventeen amazing waterfalls and the rich flora and fauna. Water sprays from the gorgeous Victoria Falls can be seen many miles away and the bridge at the Victoria Falls is a platform for enjoying the breath taking view of the gorge and the water falls. Alternatively you can enjoy the view in air, using micro-lights or fixed-wing flights.
Climate: The climate of Zambia is tropical modified by elevation. In the Köppen climate classification, most of the country is classified as humid subtropical or tropical wet and dry, with small stretches of semi-arid steppe climate in the south-west and along the Zambezi valley.
There are two main seasons, the rainy season (November to April) corresponding to summer, and the dry season (May/June to October/November), corresponding to winter. The dry season is subdivided into the cool dry season (May/June to August), and the hot dry season (September to October/November). The modifying influence of altitude gives the country pleasant subtropical weather rather than tropical conditions during the cool season of May to August. However, average monthly temperatures remain above 20 °C (68 °F) over most of the country for eight or more months of the year.
Languages: The official language of Zambia is English, which is used to conduct official business and is the medium of instruction in schools. The main local language, especially in Lusaka, is Nyanja. However, Bemba and Nyanja are spoken in the urban areas in addition to other indigenous languages which are commonly spoken in Zambia. Estimates of the total number of languages spoken in Zambia add up to 72, thirteen (13) dialects are counted as languages in their own right which brings this number to 85.
Religion: Zambia is officially a Christian nation according to the 1996 constitution, but a wide variety of religious traditions exist. Traditional religious thoughts blend easily with Christian beliefs in many of the country’s syncretic churches. Christian denominations include: Roman Catholic, Anglican, Pentecostal, New Apostolic Church, Lutheran, Seventh-day Adventist, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Jehovah’s Witnesses and a variety of Evangelical denominations.
Kafue National Park
The Bangweulu Floodplain
Access: There are two points of entry into Zambia. One is via the Tazara line from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, which only goes as far as Kapiri Mposhi. From there, one can change trains (and stations) for the journey to Lusaka. There are two trains a week running in each direction. The schedules are unreliable and should be confirmed prior to travel. First, second and third class (not recommended) are offered. Dining is not available and very often neither is water. Expect full immigration and customs checks when crossing the border. The other line is from Zimbabwe, via Victoria Falls town to Livingstone. Trains run every second day from Livingstone to Lusaka.