Tanzania is a large country in East Africa almost half the size of Western Europe, the Country lies south of the Equator and is bordered by Kenya and the Indian Ocean in the East, Mozambique and Malawi in the South, Zambia in the South west, Democratic Republic of Congo in the West, Rwanda and Burundi in the North west and Uganda in the North.
Tanganyika became independent from the British protectorate on 9th December 1961. In 1964 the President Julius Nyerere signed the union of Tanganyika with Zanzibar in the new United Republic of Tanzania. The government followed the model of the African socialism until 1985. The first multiparty elections were held in 1995. Tanzania has always enjoyed peace and stability, though the economic growth has been stagnant. Tourism has become a significant industry for the country.
Facts about Tanzania
Capital City: Dodoma but the commercial capital and largest city is Dar es Salaam
Head of state: President
Location: East Africa
Area: 945,087sq km
Tanzania birding safaris, Tanzania tours and travel destinations Population: The population of Tanzania was estimated at 40,213,160 in 2008.
On the mainland the majority of the population is native African with one percent Arab, Asian and European. The population on Zanzibar Island is Arab, native African and mixed Arab and African.
Religion: Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, Traditional beliefs 35% and more than 99% Muslim in Zanzibar.
Language: English and Swahili are the official languages; Arabic is widely spoken in Zanzibar, plus many other local languages. Swahili is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania, although Swahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa.
tropical climate around the equator, population of Tanzania, size of Tanzania Climate: Tropical Climate. Tanzania lies just south of the equator and on the whole enjoys a tropical climate. There are two rainy seasons, generally the heaviest rains called Masika usually fall from mid-March to May and a shorter period of rain called mvuli from November to mid January. The dry season, with cooler temperatures, lasts from May to October.
Currency: Tanzanian Shillings
Access: If you’re planning to visit Northern Tanzania, the best airport to arrive at is Kilimanjaro International Airport. KLM has daily flights from Amsterdam. Ethiopian and Kenya Airways also fly into Kilimanjaro International Airport. visit zanzibar with British Air ways,tanzania safari tours
If you’re planning to visit Zanzibar, Southern and Western Tanzania, you will have to fly to the capital Dar es Salaam. European carriers that fly into Dar es Salaam include British Airways, KLM and Swissair (which code shares with Delta).
There are long-distance bus services between Tanzania and Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Mozambique and Uganda.
Visa: Visas are issued directly at the airport or at the border with Uganda and Kenya. Tanzania tourist attractions, mountain Kilimanjaro, Serengeti and the Ngorongoro Crater Tourist Attractions: Tanzania is a popular East African destination for visitors; it has many natural attractions including Zanzibar, Mount Kilimanjaro, the Serengeti and the Ngorongoro Crater.
Economy: Tanzania is in the bottom ten percent of the world’s economies in terms of per capita income. The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than 40% of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry traditionally featured the processing of agricultural products and light consumer goods. Continued donor assistance and solid macroeconomic policies supported real GDP growth of 7.1% in 2008.